Herodotus "Histories" might be learn in lots of methods. Their literary features, by no means in dispute, could be extra totally preferred within the mild of modern advancements within the learn of pragmatics, narratology, and orality. Their highbrow prestige has been appreciably reassessed: now not considered as naive and archaic, the "Histories" at the moment are visible as a great deal a made from the highbrow weather in their personal day - not just topic to modern literary, non secular, ethical and social affects, yet actively contributing to the good debates in their time. Their reliability as ancient and ethnographic money owed, a question of controversy even in antiquity, is being debated with renewed energy and extending sophistication. This "Companion" bargains an up to date and in-depth review of these kind of present ways to Herodotus extraordinary work."
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A safeguard used to be raised, yet as to who raised it, Herodotus 'can say not anything additional than this stuff' (6. 121-4). The allusion to the Alcmaeonids5 excessive reputation segues (125. 1) into an account in their his tory which proves their lame. Herodotus' declare that the Alcmaeonids have been regularly 'tyrant-haters5 conflicts along with his prior account the place Megacles co-operated with Peisistratus for a interval (1. 60-1). is that this clash trivial? Is the ear lier account forgotten? The declare additionally conflicts with the Alcmaeonid points of Croesus (1. 29 IT. ) and Cleisthenes' imitation of Cleisthenes of Sicyon (5. sixty seven, 69). Are those 'oral' inconsistencies? Is Herodotus' defence simply rhetorical? The account of Alcmaeonid background has been variously interpreted, as: 'diversionary' after a skinny defence;15 beneficial " Time. 1. 68-71; 119-24. forty two Stacker (1992) 782. ,;i How and Wells (1928) 2: one hundred fifteen: Strasburger (1955) 15 18; Honiara (1971a) 53-6: Gillis (1979) 1-13, 45-58; Hart (1982) l-16;"Develin (1985); Thomas (1989) 247-51, 261 eighty two; and notice Ch. 23 during this quantity. four * Alcmaeonid pleas: Isocrates sixteen. forty five Gillis (1979) fifty one. HERODOTUS AND ATHENS forty-one to the Alcmaconids;40 unfavourable;47 the allusion to Pericles, the single explicit48 allusion in Herodotus, as: advert hoc, crucial, impartial, honorific, ambiguous, and adversarial. the 1st merchandise, Alcmaeon's counsel to Croesus' envoys at Delphi, remembers Alcmaeonid use of Delphi of their crusade to loose Athens, yet what in their organization with Croesus, within the Solon-Croesus nar rative 'tyrant' and 'subjugator' of Greeks? Does the stow of Alcmaeon's exploitation of Croesus' generosity (whence Alcmaeonid wealth) keep in mind Greek corruption at 1. 29? The kin used to be additional increased by means of cthe Sicyonian tyrant'. the 2 so much favoured suitors of CIcisthenes' daughter are Athenians: Megacles, son of Alcmaeon, and Hippoclides, the latter via his ancestral dating with the Cypselids. point out of Megacles makes it tougher to overlook Herodotus' account of Peisistratus. After Hippoclides dances away his possibilities, CIcisthenes chooses Megacles: 'in this fashion the Alcmaeonids grew to become spoke of via out Greece. From their marriage was once born the Cleisthenes who estab lished the tribes and democracy for the Athenians, having the identify of his maternal grandfather the Sicyonian. To Megacles used to be born additionally Hippocrates and from Hippocrates one other Megacles and one other Agariste, having the identify of Agariste daughter of CIcisthenes, who married Xanthippus the son of Ariphron and whilst she used to be preg nant observed a imaginative and prescient in her sleep: she idea that she had borne a lion. And after a couple of days she bore Xanthippus Pericles' (131. 1-2). Alcmaeonid 'fame' climaxes in Pericles ('far-famed'),^ yet portents call for interpretation. The account explicitly hyperlinks the 'tyrant-hating' Alcmaeonids with tyrants, which render's implicit hyperlinks believable. whilst a royal sym bol50 die lion sick befits the Alcmaeonids qua pluralist democrats. however the oracle bearing on Cypselus (5. ninety two) additionally has 'bear a lion'; within the account's common intermixing of Alcmaeonids and tyrants 'Cypselids' are pointed out; photographs of unnaturalism go well with tyrants; and in political 4r > Jacobv (1913) 238.