Download E-books Par-delà nature et culture PDF

By Philippe Descola

Seul l’Occident moderne s’est attaché à bâtir l’opposition, donc los angeles discontinuité supposée, entre los angeles nature et los angeles tradition. L’anthropologie perpétue dans los angeles définition même de son objet - l. a. diversité culturelle sur fond d’universalité naturelle - une competition dont les peuples qu'elle étudie ont fait l’économie. Philippe Descola, professeur au Collège de France, suggest ici, à partir de features communs qui se répondent d’un continent à l’autre, une approche nouvelle des manières de répartir continuités et discontinuités entre l’homme et son environnement : le totémisme, qui souligne l. a. continuité matérielle et morale entre humains et non-humains ; l’analogisme, qui postule entre les éléments du monde un réseau de discontinuités structuré par des kinfolk de correspondances ; l’animisme, qui prête aux non-humains l’intériorité des humains, mais les en différencie par le corps ; le naturalisme qui nous rattache aux non-humains par les continuités matérielles et nous en sépare par l’aptitude culturelle. Chaque mode d’identification autorise des configurations singulières qui redistribuent les existants dans des collectifs aux frontières bien différentes de celles que les sciences humaines nous ont rendues familières. C’est à une recomposition radicale de ces sciences que ce livre invite.

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Download E-books The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers PDF

Searching and collecting peoples, together with Kalahari Bushmen, Australian aborigines, Eskimos, and Pygmies, are the topic of unending charm. This illustrated reference quantity is the 1st dedicated solely to searching and accumulating peoples that's either available to the nonspecialist and written via top students. it's a state of the art precis of information at the topic, protecting a unprecedented diversity of fabrics: case reviews of over fifty of the world's hunter-gatherers, the archaeological historical past, faith and international view, track and paintings, questions of gender, health and wellbeing and food, and modern rights.

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Download E-books Subjectivity: Ethnographic Investigations (Ethnographic Studies in Subjectivity) PDF

This cutting edge quantity is a longer highbrow dialog in regards to the methods own lives are being undone and remade at the present time. studying the ethnography of the trendy topic, this preeminent crew of students probes the continuity and variety of modes of personhood throughout a number of Western and non-Western societies. members contemplate what occurs to person subjectivity while solid or imagined environments akin to international locations and groups are remodeled or displaced through loose exchange economics, terrorism, and warfare; how new info and scientific applied sciences reshape the relation one has to oneself; and which kinds of subjectivity and lifestyles probabilities are produced opposed to a global in items. The transdisciplinary dialog contains anthropologists, historians of technological know-how, psychologists, a literary critic, a thinker, physicians, and an economist. The authors contact on how we expect and write approximately contingency, human company, and ethics today.

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Download E-books Cultures of Fear: A Critical Reader (Anthropology, Culture and Society) PDF

In Cultures of Fear, a really world-class line up of students discover the formation and normalisation of worry within the context of battle and terrorism.

"Freedom from worry" is a common correct and primary for human health. humans usually glance to governments, humanitarian enterprises, and different associations to additional this objective. besides the fact that, this e-book exhibits that those agencies usually use an identical "logic of worry" to observe, keep watch over, and comprise humans in zones of violence.

This is a wonderful interdisciplinary reader for college kids of anthropology, sociology and politics. members comprise Noam Chomsky, Slavoj Zizek, Jean Baudrillard, Catharine MacKinnon, Neil Smith, Cynthia Enloe, David L. Altheide, Cynthia Cockburn and Carolyn Nordstrum.

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Download E-books Imagining Landscapes: Past, Present and Future PDF

The landscapes of human habitation aren't simply perceived; also they are imagined. What half, then, does imagining landscapes play of their belief? The participants to this quantity, drawn from various disciplines, argue that landscapes are 'imagined' in a feeling extra primary than their symbolic illustration in phrases, pictures and different media. much less a way of conjuring up pictures of what's 'out there' than a fashion of dwelling creatively on the earth, mind's eye is immanent in notion itself, revealing the generative capability of an international that isn't loads ready-made as always near to formation. Describing the methods landscapes are eternally formed by means of the engagements and practices in their population, this leading edge quantity develops a processual method of either belief and mind's eye. however it additionally brings out the ways that those procedures, lively by way of the hopes and goals of population, more and more come into clash with the options of exterior actors empowered to impose their very own, ready-made designs upon the area. With a spotlight at the temporal and kinaesthetic dynamics of imagining, Imagining Landscapes foregrounds either time and circulate in knowing how earlier, current and destiny are introduced jointly within the inventive, world-shaping endeavours of either population and students. The ebook will attract anthropologists, sociologists and archaeologists, in addition to to geographers, historians and philosophers with pursuits in panorama and surroundings, background and tradition, creativity, notion and mind's eye.

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Download E-books The Ascent of Man PDF

By Jacob Bronowski

A new paperback variation of Dr. Bronowski's vintage heritage of humankind, with a foreword through Richard Dawkins

Dr. Jacob Bronowksi's classic lines the advance of human society via our knowing of technology. First released in 1973 to accompany the groundbreaking BBC tv sequence, it truly is certainly one of the 1st works of "popular science," illuminating the ancient and social context of medical improvement for a iteration of readers. In his hugely available sort, Dr. Bronowski discusses human invention from the flint software to geometry, agriculture to genetics, and from alchemy to the speculation of relativity, exhibiting how all of them are expressions of our skill to appreciate and keep watch over nature. during this new paperback version, The Ascent of Man conjures up, affects, and informs as profoundly as ever.

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Download E-books Manthropology: The Science of Why the Modern Male Is Not the Man He Used to Be PDF

By Peter McAllister

Manthropology is the 1st of its type. Spanning continents and centuries, it really is an in-depth investigate the historical past and technology of manliness. From velocity and power, to good looks and intercourse attraction, to bravado and wit, it examines how guy at the present time compares to his masculine ancestors.

Peter McAllister got down to rebut the declare that guy at the present time is being affected by feminization and emasculation. He deliberate to exploit his talents as a paleoanthropologist and journalist to write down a e-book demonstrating unequivocally that guy this present day is a triumph---the results of a hard-fought evolutionary fight towards greatness.

As one can find, he failed. In approximately each class of manliness, sleek guy became out to be not only matched, yet bested, by way of his ancestors. Stung, McAllister launched into a brand new undertaking. If his publication couldn’t be a testomony to trendy male fulfillment, he determined, it'd be a list of his failures.

Manthropology, then, is a globe-spanning journey of the technological know-how of masculinity. It kicks off in Ice Age France, the place a biomechanical research demonstrates that los angeles Ferrassie 2, a Neanderthal woman came upon within the early 1900s, might cream 2004 international Arm Wrestling Federation champion Alexey Voyevoda in an arm strive against. Then it strikes directly to medieval Serbia, exhibiting how Slavic guslar poets (who have been famously in a position to repeat a thousand-line verse after only one listening to) could have destroyed Curtis Jackson, aka 50 Cent, in a conflict rap. ultimately, it takes the reader to the steaming jungles of recent equatorial Africa, the place Aka Pygmy males are such super-dads, they even develop breasts to suckle their little ones. Now, that’s commitment.

For glossy guy, the result of those investigations aren’t consistently beautiful. yet in its examine the historical past of fellows, Manthropology is unfailingly clever, informative, superb, and entertaining.

 

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HOW DOES smooth guy STACK UP?

Russian arm wrestling champion Alexey Voyevoda has a twenty-two-inch bicep and has curled greater than 200 and fifty pounds---with only one arm. yet may possibly he get up in an arm wrestling fit with a regular Neanderthal male? Or, for that subject, a feminine? (p. 10)

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Today’s final combatants compete in a game the place bouts in many instances finish with an subconscious loser splayed out on a blood-soaked canvas. yet what could a fit within the Octagon appear like subsequent to the Pankration bouts of the traditional Greeks: a battleground or a playground? (p. 77)

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A sleek military is going into conflict with state of the art expertise and centuries of strategical perception. yet for sheer selection, may perhaps they've got bested Nero’s legions, who marched approximately marathons an afternoon for 6 days straight---each legionary sporting hundred-pound packs? (p. 99)

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There’s philological facts that implies Homer would possibly not have written the Iliad; he can have rapped it. If 50 Cent needed to face Homer in a rap conflict, may he pop out on most sensible? (p. 160)

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Wilt Chamberlain is understood for scoring on greater than simply the courtroom. He claimed to have had as many as twenty thousand sexual encounters in his lifetime. Such conquest might basically be matched by means of one of many world’s maximum conquerors: there's the facts that nearly 32 million individuals are descended from Genghis Khan. (p. 248)

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Download E-books Politics of the Maya Court: Hierarchy and Change in the Late Classic Period (Latin American and Caribbean Arts and Culture) PDF

By Sarah E. Jackson

In contemporary a long time, advances in interpreting Maya hieroglyphic writing have given students new instruments for figuring out key features of historic Maya society. This book—the first entire exam of the Maya royal court—exemplifies the significance of those new resources. Authored via anthropologist Sarah E. Jackson and richly illustrated with drawings, photos, and maps, Politics of the Maya Court makes use of hieroglyphic and iconographic proof to discover the composition and social value of royal courts within the overdue vintage interval (a.d. 600–900), with a different emphasis at the position of courtly elites.

As Jackson explains, the Maya sector of southern Mexico and principal the United States used to be now not a unified empire yet a loosely aggregated tradition sector composed of autonomous kingdoms. Royal courts had a presence in huge, principal groups from Chiapas to Yucatan and the highlands of Guatemala and western Honduras. every one significant polity was once governed by means of a k’uhul ajaw, or holy lord, who embodied intertwined points of spiritual and political authority. The hieroglyphic texts that embellished partitions, furnishings, and conveyable goods in those facilities of strength supply particular information regarding the positions, roles, and meanings of the courts. Jackson makes use of those files as keys to knowing vintage Maya political hierarchy and, particularly, the establishment of the royal court docket. inside this context, she investigates the lives of the the Aristocracy and the participation of elites in courtroom politics. by way of deciding on specific contributors and their existence tales, Jackson humanizes Maya society, displaying how occasions resulted from the activities and offerings of particular people.

Jackson’s cutting edge portrayal of courtroom club presents a starting place for scholarship at the nature, services, and duties of Maya royal courts.

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Download E-books Violence Taking Place: The Architecture of the Kosovo Conflict (Cultural Memory in the Present) PDF

By Andrew Herscher

While the development of structure has a spot in architectural discourse, its destruction, often visible as incompatible with the very suggestion of "culture," has been overlooked in theoretical and ancient dialogue. Responding to this forget, Herscher examines the case of the previous Yugoslavia and specifically, Kosovo, the place concentrating on structure has been a popular measurement of political violence. instead of studying violence opposed to structure as an insignificant illustration of "deeper" social, political, or ideological dynamics, Herscher finds it to be a sort of cultural construction, irreducible to its contexts and formative of the identities and businesses that likely endure on it as factors. concentrating on the actual websites the place violence is inflicted and the place its topics and gadgets are articulated, the booklet strains the intersection of violence and structure from socialist modernization, via ethnic and nationalist clash, to postwar reconstruction.

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